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Relationship, Health and Sex Education Policy

 

 

 

St Patrick’s Catholic Primary School

 

Relationship, Health and Sex Education Policy

September 2021

 

 

In this policy the Governors and teachers, in partnership with pupils and their parents, set out their intentions about relationships and sex education (RHSE).   We set out our rationale for, and approach to relationships and sex education in the school.  

The consultation process:

  • pupil focus groups / school council
  • questionnaires to families and students via Padlet
  • updates on materials via ClassDojo
  • zoom information meetings with senior leaders, the R.E. leader and families
  • review of RHSE curriculum content with staff and families
  • safeguarding training for all staff prior to the role out of the programme
  • consultation with wider school community - school nuRHSE and Parish Priest
  • consultation with school governors

 

Implementation and Review of Policy

Implementation of the policy will take place after consultation with the Governors in Summer Term 1, 2021.

This policy will be reviewed every 2 years by Senior Leaders, Science Leader, R.E. Leader, RHSE Co-ordinator, the Governing Body and Staff.  The next review date is Summer Term 1, 2023.

Signed by Chair of Governors:

Signed by:

Head of School:

Executive Headteacher:

DEFINING RELATIONSHIP AND SEX EDUCATION

The DfE guidance states that “children and young people need to know how to be safe and healthy, and how to manage their academic, personal and social lives in a positive way”[1].  It is about the development of the pupil’s knowledge and understanding of her or him as a sexual being, about what it means to be fully human, called to live in right relationships with self and others and being enabled to make moral decisions in conscience.  In primary schools the focus should be on “teaching the fundamental building blocks and characteristics of positive relationships, with particular reference to friendships, family relationships, and relationships with other children and

 

with adults.”[2] This would include the topics of families and the people of who care for me, caring friendships, respectful relationships, online relationships and being safe.  In Secondary schools RHSE should “give young people the information they need to help them develop healthy, nurturing relationships of all kinds, not just intimate relationships. It should enable them to know what a healthy relationship looks like and what makes a good friend, a good colleague and a successful marriage or other type of committed relationship. It should also cover contraception, developing intimate relationships and resisting pressure to have sex (and not applying pressure).”[3]

STATUTORY CURRICULUM REQUIREMENTS

We are legally required to teach those aspects of RHSE which are statutory parts of National Curriculum Science. (There is also a separate requirement for maintained secondary schools to teach about HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections. This does not apply to academies). However, the reasons for our inclusion of RHSE go further.

RATIONALE

‘I HAVE COME THAT YOU MIGHT HAVE LIFE AND HAVE IT TO THE FULL(Jn.10.10)

We are involved in relationships and sex education precisely because of our Christian beliefs about God and about the human person. The belief in the unique dignity of the human person made in the image and likeness of God underpins the approach to all education in a Catholic school. Our approach to RHSE therefore is rooted in the Catholic Church’s teaching of the human person and presented in a positive framework of Christian ideals.

 

At the heart of the Christian life is the Trinity; Father, Son and Spirit in communion, united in loving relationship and embracing all people and all creation. As a consequence of the Christian belief that we are made in the image and likeness of God, gender and sexuality are seen as God’s gift, reflect God’s beauty, and share in the divine creativity. RHSE, therefore, will be placed firmly within the context of relationship as it is there that sexuality grows and develops.

 

Following the guidance of the Bishops of England and Wales and as advocated by the DFE (and the Welsh Assembly Government) RHSE will be firmly embedded in the PSHE framework as it is concerned with nurturing human wholeness and integral to the physical, spiritual, emotional, moral, social and intellectual development of pupils. It is centred on Christ’s vision of being human as good news and will be positive and prudent, showing the potential for development, while enabling the dangers and risks involved to be understood and appreciated.

 

All RHSE will be in accordance with the Church’s moral teaching. It will emphasise the central importance of marriage and the family whilst acknowledging that all pupils have a fundamental right to have their life respected whatever household they come from. Pope Francis’ quote on different realities will be shared at the start of the lessons to reinforce the value of others’ circumstances, which will also prepare pupils for life in modern Britain. 

 

 

 

 

VALUES AND VIRTUES

Our programme enshrines Catholic values relating to the importance of stable relationships, marriage and family life. It also promotes those virtues which are essential in responding to the God’s call to love others with a proper respect for their dignity and the dignity of the human body. The following virtues will be explicitly explored and promoted: faithfulness, fruitfulness, chastity, integrity, prudence, mercy and compassion.

AIM OF RHSE AND THE MISSION STATEMENT  

Our Mission Statement commits us to the education of the whole child (spiritual, physical, intellectual, moral, social, cultural, emotional) and we believe that RHSE is an integral part of this education.  Furthermore, our school aims state that we will endeavour to raise pupils’ self-esteem, help them to grow in knowledge and understanding, recognise the value of all persons and develop caring and sensitive attitudes. It is in this context that we commit ouRHSElves:

                 

In partnership with parents, to provide children and young people with a “positive and prudent sexual education”[4] which is compatible with their physical, cognitive, psychological, and spiritual maturity, and rooted in a Catholic vision of education and the human person.

  

Objectives

 

To develop the following attitudes and virtues:

  • reverence for the gift of human sexuality and fertility;
  • understanding of a loving, respectful, consensual relationship with another human being;
  • respect for the dignity of every human being – in their own person and in the person of others;
  • joy in the goodness of the created world and their own bodily natures;
  • responsibility for their own actions and a recognition of the impact of these on others;
  • recognising and valuing their own sexual identity and that of others;
  • celebrating the gift of life-long, self-giving love;
  • recognising the importance of marriage and family life;
  • fidelity in relationships.

 

To develop the following personal and social skills:

  • making sound judgements and good choices which have integrity, and which are respectful of the individual’s commitments;
  • loving and being loved, and the ability to form friendships and loving, stable relationships free from exploitation, abuse and bullying;
  • managing emotions within relationships, and when relationships break down, with confidence, sensitivity and dignity;
  • managing conflict positively, recognising the value of difference;
  • cultivating humility, mercy and compassion, learning to forgive and be forgiven;
  • developing self-esteem and confidence, demonstrating self-respect and empathy for others;
  • building resilience and the ability to resist unwanted pressures, recognising the influence and impact of the media, internet and peer groups and so developing the ability to assess pressures and respond appropriately;
  • being patient, delaying gratification and learning to recognise the appropriate stages in the development of relationships, and how to love chastely;
  • assessing risks and managing behaviours in order to minimise the risk to health and personal integrity.

 

To know and understand:

  • the Church’s teaching on relationships and the nature and meaning of sexual love;
  • the Church’s teaching on marriage and the importance of marriage and family life;
  • the centrality and importance of virtue in guiding human living and loving;
  • the physical and psychological changes that accompany puberty;
  • the facts about human reproduction, how love is expressed sexually and how sexual love plays an essential and sacred role in procreation;
  • how to manage fertility in a way which is compatible with their stage of life, their own values and commitments, including an understanding of the difference between natural family planning and artificial contraception;
  • how to keep themselves safe from sexually transmitted infections and how to avoid unintended pregnancy, including where to go for advice.

 

Outcomes  

INCLUSION AND DIFFERENTIATED LEARNING

We will ensure RHSE is sensitive to the different needs of individual pupils in respect to pupils’ different abilities, levels of maturity and personal circumstances; for example, their own sexual orientation, faith or culture and is taught in a way that does not subject pupils to discrimination. Lessons will also help children to realise the nature and consequences of discrimination, teasing, bullying and aggressive behaviours (including cyber-bullying), use of prejudice-based language and how to respond and ask for help. (In looking at these questions, it is important to draw links to the school’s inclusion policy). 

EQUALITIES OBLIGATIONS

The governing body have wider responsibilities under the Equalities Act 2010 and will ensure that our school strives to do the best for all of the pupils, irrespective of disability, educational needs, race, nationality, ethnic or national origin, pregnancy, maternity, sex, gender identity, religion or sexual orientation or whether they are looked-after children. 

BROAD CONTENT OF RHSE

Three aspects of RHSE - attitudes and values, knowledge and understanding, and personal and social skills will be provided in three inter-related ways:  the whole school / ethos dimension; a cross-curricular dimension and a specific relationships and sex curriculum. 

 

The TEN: TEN, Life to the Full programme will cover…

PROGRAMME / RESOURCES

Appendices to this policy provide further information about the programme and resources for suggested use.

 

Teaching strategies will include:

  • establishing ground rules
  • distancing techniques
  • discussion
  • project learning
  • reflection
  • experiential
  • active
  • brainstorming
  • film & video
  • group work
  • role-play
  • trigger drawings
  • values clarification

 

PARENTS AND CARERS

We recognise that parents (and other carers who stand in their place) are the primary educators of their children. As a Catholic school, we provide the principal means by which the Church assists parents and carers in educating their children. Therefore, the school will support parents and carers by providing material to be shared with their children at home and workshops to help parents/carers to find out more. Parents/carers will be informed by letter when the more sensitive aspects of RHSE will be covered in order that they can be prepared to talk and answer questions about their children’s learning. 

 

Parents must be consulted before this policy is ratified by the governors.  They will be consulted at every stage of the development of the RHSE programme, as well as during the process of monitoring, review and evaluation. They will be able to view the resources used by the school in the RHSE programme. Our aim is that, at the end of the consultation process, every parent and carer will have full confidence in the school’s RHSE programme to meet their child’s needs.

 

Parents continue to have the right to withdraw their children from Sex Education except in those elements which are required by the National Curriculum science orders. Should parents wish to withdraw their children they are asked to notify the school by contacting the Head of School. The school will provide support by providing material for parents to help the children with their learning.

 

We believe that the controlled environment of the classroom is the safest place for this curriculum to be followed.   Please refer to the DfE guidance Page 17 for further details on the right to be excused from sex education (commonly referred to as the right to withdraw).

BALANCED CURRICULUM

Whilst promoting Catholic values and virtues and teaching in accordance with Church teaching, we will ensure that pupils are offered a balanced programme by providing an RHSE programme that offers a range of viewpoints on issues.

Pupils will also receive clear scientific information as well as covering the aspects of the law pertaining to RHSE (in secondary schools/academies relating to forced-marriage, female genital mutilation, abortion, the age of consent and legislation relating to equality). Knowing about facts and enabling young people to explore differing viewpoints is not the same as promoting behaviour and is not incompatible with our school’s promotion of Catholic teaching. We will ensure that pupils have access to the age appropriate learning they need to stay safe, healthy and understand their rights as individuals. 

RESPONSIBILITY FOR TEACHING THE PROGRAMME

Responsibility for the specific relationships and sex education programme lies with the Head of School, with the support of the Senior Leadership team, the Science Leader and the R.E. Leader. 

 

However, all staff will be involved in developing the attitudes and values aspect of the RHSE programme.  They will be role models for pupils of good, healthy, wholesome relationships as between staff, other adults and pupils.  They will also be contributing to the development of pupils’ personal and social skills.

 

External Visitors

Our school will often call upon help and guidance from outside agencies and health specialists to deliver aspects of RHSE. Such visits will always complement the current programme and never substitute or replace teacher led sessions.  It is important that any external visitor is clear about their role and responsibility whilst they are in school delivering a session. Any visitor must adhere to our code of practice developed in line with CES guidance ‘Checklist for External Speakers to Schools [5].

Health professionals should follow the school’s policies, minimising the potential for disclosures or inappropriate comments using negotiated ground rules and distancing techniques as other teachers would. They will ensure that all teaching is rooted in Catholic principles and practice.

OTHER ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES REGARDING RHSE

Governors

  • draw up the RHSE policy, in consultation with parents and teachers;
  • ensure that the policy is available to parents;
  • ensure that the policy is in accordance with other whole school policies, e.g., SEN, the ethos of the school and our Christian beliefs;
  • ensure that parents know of their right to withdraw their children;
  • establish a link governor to share in the monitoring and evaluation of the programme, including resources used;
  • ensure that the policy provides proper and adequate coverage of relevant National Curriculum science topics and the setting of RHSE within PSHE.

 

Head teacher

The Head teacher takes overall delegated responsibility for the implementation of this policy and for liaison with the Governing Body, parents, the Diocesan Schools’ Service and the Local Education Authority, also appropriate agencies.

 

 

RHSE Co-Ordinator

The co-ordinator with the Senior Leadership Team including the Designated Safeguarding Leaders, have a general responsibility for supporting other members of staff in the implementation of this policy and will provide a lead in the dissemination of the information relating to RHSE and the provision of in-service training.

 

All Staff

RHSE is a whole school issue. All teachers have a responsibility of care; as well as fostering academic progress they should actively contribute to the guardianship and guidance of the physical, moral and spiritual well-being of their pupils. Teachers will be expected to teach RHSE in accordance with the Catholic Ethos of the school. Appropriate training will be made available for all staff teaching RHSE. All staff have been included in the development of this policy and all staff should be aware of the policy and how it relates to them.

RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER POLICIES AND CURRICULUM SUBJECTS

This RHSE policy is to be delivered as part of the PSHE framework.  It includes guidelines about pupil safety and is compatible with the school's other policy documents (for example, Bullying policy, Safeguarding Policy etc)

 

Pupils with particular difficulties whether of a physical or intellectual nature will receive appropriately differentiated support in order to enable them to achieve mature knowledge, understanding and skills.  Teaching methods will be adapted to meet the varying needs of this group of pupils.

 

Learning about RHSE classes will link to/complement learning in those areas identified in the RHSE audit.

CHILDRENS QUESTIONS

The governors want to promote a healthy, positive atmosphere in which RHSE can take place. Ground rules in the form of a Group Charter will be created to ensure that pupils can ask questions freely, be confident that their questions will be answered, and be sure that they will be free from bullying or harassment from other children and young people. Staff have received training on how to lead the sessions and facilitate age appropriate discussion. School have devised key phrases that will be used when responding to children. For example:

  • No personal questions are asked or personal issues discussed.
  • Personal views not shared some people are…, some people think/ believe…
  • Only correct names of body parts (Scientific) are used and meaning of words are explained in a sensible, factual and age appropriate way. In EYFS body parts are referred to as private parts. In KS1 children will use the scientific names.
  • Use of distancing techniques – discussions are depersonalised, never use example about ourselves.
  • Question boxes are used – teacher to read after the session and address in the following session.
  • Not answer questions beyond the age appropriateness that is something you will learn about when you get older, we are not talking about that this year, why don’t you ask an adult at home about this?
  • Sometimes, we will not know the answers…this is ok, let me find out the answer to that. Staff will always check they have the accurate information.

 

 

Controversial or Sensitive issues

There will always be sensitive or controversial issues in the field of RHSE.  These may be matter of maturity, of personal involvement or experience of children, of disagreement with the official teaching of the Church, of illegal activity or other doubtful, dubious or harmful activity. The governors believe that children are best educated, protected from harm and exploitation by discussing such issues openly within the context of the RHSE programme.  The use of ground rules, negotiated between teachers and pupils, will help to create a supportive climate for discussion.  

(See also Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RHSE) and Health Education, Managing difficult questions, Page 23 for more detail)

 

Some questions may raise issues which it would not be appropriate for teachers to answer during ordinary class time, e.g., where a child or young person’s questions hints at abuse, is deliberately tendentious or is of a personal nature. Teachers will always have a second member of staff in the classroom when they are teaching RHSE lessons. Staff have received training on dealing with such issues and have been instructed to follow all safeguarding procedures. A member of the Senior Leader team, including a Designated Safeguarding Leader will always be available to support in lessons.

SUPPORTING CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE WHO ARE AT RISK

Children will also need to feel safe and secure in the environment in which RHSE takes place.  The Sex Education aspect of the programme will be taught later in the academic year when the staff and children have had time to get to know each other well, ensuring that there are trusted relationships. Effective RHSE will provide opportunities for discussion of what is and is not appropriate in relationships.  The programme promotes consensual, loving, respectful, relationships with God and humans with respect for the dignity of every human being – in their own person and in the person of others. Such discussion may well lead to disclosure of a safeguarding issue.  Teachers will need to be aware of the needs of their pupils and not let any fears and worries go unnoticed.  Where a teacher suspects that a child or young person is a victim of or is at risk of abuse they are required to follow the school’s safeguarding policy and immediately inform the designated senior member of staff responsible. A member of the Senior Leader team, including a Designated Safeguarding Leader will always be available to support in lessons and after lessons.

CONFIDENTIALITY AND ADVICE

All governors, all teachers, all support staff, all parents and all pupils must be made aware of this policy, particularly as it relates to issues of advice and confidentiality.

 

All lessons, especially those in the RHSE programme, will have the best interests of pupils at heart, enabling them to grow in knowledge and understanding of relationships and sex, developing appropriate personal and social skills and becoming appreciative of the values and attitudes which underpin the Christian understanding of what it means to be fully human.  

 

Pupils will be encouraged to talk to their parents/carers about the issues which are discussed in the programme.  Teachers will always help pupils facing personal difficulties, in line with the school’s pastoral care policy.  Teachers should explain to pupils that they cannot offer unconditional confidentiality, in matters which are illegal or abusive for instance.  Teachers will explain that in such circumstances they would have to inform others, e.g., parents, senior leaders, but that the pupils would always be informed first that such action was going to be taken

MONITORING AND EVALUATION

The RHSE Co-ordinator will monitor the provision of the various dimensions of the programme by examining plans, schemes of work and samples of pupils work at regular intervals.  The programme will be evaluated biannually by means of questionnaires / response sheets / needs assessment given to pupils, and / or by discussion with pupils, staff and parents.  The results of the evaluation should be reported to these groups of interested parties and their suggestions sought for improvements.  Governors will consider all such evaluations and suggestions before amending the policy.  Governors remain ultimately responsible for the policy.

  

 

 

[1] Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RHSE) and Health Education: Statutory guidance for governing bodies, proprietors, head teachers, principals, senior leadership teams, teachers Page 4

 

[2] Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RHSE) and Health Education: Statutory guidance for governing bodies, proprietors, head teachers, principals, senior leadership teams, teachers Page 19

[3] Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RHSE) and Health Education: Statutory guidance for governing bodies, proprietors, head teachers, principals, senior leadership teams, teachers Page 25

[4] Gravissimum Educationis 1

[5] CES Checklist for External Speakers to Schools, 2016  

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